This brief summarizes key concepts pertaining to data collaboratives, including guiding principles, offers a three-phase model for implementing effective governance practices, and includes the concept of a charter. 

Data governance guides the actions and decisions of stakeholders, ensuring that data are stored, transferred, and used responsibly, and that the privacy of people (and sometimes organizations) represented in the data are protected. This brief identifies four key principles common to successful governance programs in the public sector and in broader data collaboratives that include private sector or non-profit partners.